Using art as a form of psychotherapy to encourage clients to explore a variety of issues including emotional, behavioural or mental health problems, learning or physical disabilities, life-limiting conditions, neurological conditions or physical illnesses.
This profession draws on knowledge of both drama and therapy to use performance arts as a medium for psychological therapy. Clients are able to explore a wide variety of different issues and needs from autism and dementia to abuse and mental illness in an indirect way and work in many settings such as schools, mental health care, general health social care, prisons and in the voluntary sector.
Clients engage in musical interaction so as to promote emotional wellbeing, improve communication skills, improve self-confidence and independence, and improve concentration and attention skills. It is an effective intervention for those clients who cannot speak due to disability, illness or injury.
These provide essential assessment, evaluation and foot care for patients with a variety of conditions. Many of these fall into high risk categories such as patients with diabetes, cerebral palsy, and nerve damage where podiatric care is of vital importance. Many podiatrists have become further specialised into either the area of surgery or biomechanics, which looks at any lower limb abnormalities that may cause pain or discomfort.
Dietitians assess, diagnose and treat diet and nutritional problems at an individual and wider public health level. Uniquely, dietitians use the most up–to-date public health and scientific research on food, health and disease, which they translate into practical guidance to enable people to make appropriate lifestyle and food choices. Dietitians are the only nutrition professionals to be regulated by law, and are governed by an ethical code to ensure that they always work to the highest standard.
Occupational therapists work with people of all ages with a wide range of problems resulting from physical, mental, social or developmental difficulties. They support people with a range of interventions to enable them to return to or optimise participation in all the things that people do; for example, caring for themselves and others, working, learning, playing and interacting with others.
ODPs typically work in operating departments and support patients of all ages during each phase of the patient’s care before, during, and after surgery, including administering anaesthetic, preparing all the necessary equipment and instruments for operations and providing these to the surgical team during the operation, and supporting the patient throughout their time in the recovery unit, assessing vitals and fitness for return to the ward. Communication is a key aspect of this role.
Orthoptic clinical practice involves the diagnosis and treatment of eye conditions. Orthoptists help with eye conditions that people are born with or develop, including retinopathy and reduced vision due to squint. They also treat adults and children with eye movement defects due to diabetes, hypertension, endocrine dysfunction, cancer, trauma and stroke. Some specialise in conditions such as glaucoma, cataract and age related macular degeneration.
Osteopaths take a holistic view of the structure and function of the body to diagnose and treat a wide variety of medical conditions. Their work is centred on the principle that the skeleton, muscles, ligaments and connective tissues of an individual need to function smoothly together so as to maintain wellbeing. Osteopaths use a number of non-invasive treatments such as stretching and massage to help people through increasing the mobility of joints, relieving muscle tension, enhancing blood and nerve supply to tissues, and encouraging an individual’s own healing mechanisms.
Prosthetists work with patients with limb loss; limb loss may occur from birth or later in life due to a number of reasons including illnesses and accidents. They are extensively trained in several fields: mechanics, bio-mechanics, and material science along with anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology. They design and provide prostheses that replicate the structural or functional characteristics of the patient’s absent limb. enabling patients to mobilise, reduce falls, reduce pain, and prevent and facilitate the healing of ulcers.
Paramedics are the senior ambulance service healthcare professionals at an accident or a medical emergency. Often working by themselves, paramedics are responsible for assessing the patient’s condition and then giving essential treatment. They use high-tech equipment such as defibrillators, spinal and traction splints and intravenous drips, as well as administering oxygen and drugs.
Physiotherapy uses physical approaches to promote, maintain and restore physical, psychological and social well-being, working with individuals to optimise their functional ability and potential. Physiotherapists manage recovering, stable, and deteriorating conditions through advice, treatment, rehabilitation, health promotion and supporting behavioural change.
SLTs help people of all ages overcome or adapt to a vast array of disorders of speech, language, communication and swallowing. Examples include helping young children to access education, working with young offenders to enable them to access educational programmes, reducing life-threatening swallowing problems in the early days after stroke and providing essential support to adults with a range of communication difficulties to help them return to work, and their roles in their family and society.
Diagnostic radiographers use a range of techniques to produce high quality images to diagnose an injury or disease. They are responsible for providing safe and accurate imaging examinations and often also the resulting report. Radiographers are also key team members in Breast Screening and Ultrasound monitoring of pregnancy.
Therapeutic radiographers play a vital role in the treatment of cancer as they are the only health professionals qualified to plan and deliver radiotherapy. Radiotherapy is used either on its own or in combination with surgery and/or chemotherapy.